One in six Australian couples find it difficult to have a baby. The problem can lie with the female (40% of all cases), male (40%), or both partners (10%). In 10% of cases, the cause in unknown.
Emed takes a closer look at factors that can affect female fertility, and how they might be resolved.
Sperm may be energetic, but sperm aren’t particularly hardy. There are many things that can effect sperm production, sperm mobility, and sperm viability that can impact male fertility, leaving some men infertile.
Are you aware of some of the ten biggest fertility threats for men and their sperm?
Fresh fears have emerged over the health of babies born by a an IVF technique that gives infertile men the chance to become fathers.
The risk of major birth defects in these babies is nearly double compared with those conceived naturally, a world-first study by Australian researchers has found.
Test-tube babies have higher rates of birth defects, and doctors have long wondered: Is it because of certain fertility treatments or infertility itself?
The modern world is replete with chemicals and substances which can have an effect on our bodies.
These can be everyday chemicals you find in foods and in the air which are generally no cause for concern, or much more dangerous compounds that can have a long lasting effect on your health and fertility.
Exposure to these substances, modify the hormones that control the delicate female and male reproductive systems, and can alter the sex hormone levels, leading to infertility amongst a range of other physical illnesses.
Even low levels of exposure can result in health problems and to make matters worse, many of these toxins accumulate in our tissues over a lifetime and can affect future generations.